There are many guard styles in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, closed guard, open guard, spider guard, rubber guard, half guard, De La Riva, etc. Each guard has their uses and practitioners gravitate to one or more of these guards to use in their own games.
The Butterfly guard could be thought of as a specialized type of open guard in that you do not have your opponent in a closed clinch with your legs, and your feet are not touching your opponent’s hips for distance control. Rather, when employing the butterfly guard, your legs will be bent in a way that resembles the butterfly stretch. Your shins will typically make contact with your opponent’s thighs, as you seek to clinch your opponent with your arms.
Typical clinches include an over-under clinch, double-overhook clinch, double-underhook clinch, or even head and arm control. Once control is established with one of the clinches, you are in a good position to sweep or submit your opponent. If your opponent isn’t versed in defending against the butterfly, it will become apparent as their base will be shifting, not knowing whether to sit up, lean forward, stand up or commit to passing your guard.
Let’s look at some highly effective submissions you can catch your opponent with while using the butterfly guard.
The armbar from the butterfly is executed when you can use your underhook to help elevate your opponent’s arm and prop it on your shoulder. Controlling your opponent by gable gripping your hands directly or slightly above your opponent’s elbow ensures your opponent is stabilized to finalize the attack. At this point, if your opponent begins to retreat, he will push to extend his arm. This is exactly what you want your opponent to do, as you need to have an extended arm for an armbar. Concaving your torso ensures maximum force is applied at your opponent’s elbow.
Another effective submission from the butterfly guard is the triangle. With an overhook on one of your opponent’s arms, you try to sweep your opponent to the opposite side. Effectively sweeping your opponent will put your opponent on their back, placing yourself in a dominant mount or a side control position.
Your opponent, not wanting to be swept to their back, will likely place their hand out to balance their base. Still keeping your overhook on the other arm, you can use your free arm to grab the wrist that your opponent is using to balance themselves. Quickly bringing your leg, from the overhooked arm side, around and up your opponent’s back, then bringing the knee from your other leg to your chest and around your opponent’s based arm will allow you to cross your legs, behind your opponent’s neck.
Now you’ll be in position to tighten up your temporary triangle to a full-fledged triangle. Often times you will have to angle your body, relative to your opponent’s body, by kicking your foot off your opponent’s hips or even the ground, to solidify the tightest triangle possible.
Continuing down the path of sweeping your opponent from butterfly to set up submissions, the guillotine is a refreshing option to surprise your opponent with. As your opponent bases their hand out, again to prevent being swept to their back, keep the overhook on the arm and use your other arm to capture your opponent’s head in a front head clinch. Finishing the submission requires clinching both hands together and falling off to your side. To stifle your opponent’s front roll escape out of the guillotine, bring the leg from your overhooked arm side out and over your opponent’s back.
Often is the case that your opponent will avoid your butterfly like the plague. You did a good job of closing the distance and securing an over-under clinch on their arms and you have your shins in front of their thighs, ready to execute the butterfly sweep. Your opponent decides to stand up to avoid being swept and to avoid your butterfly guard, altogether.
Your opponent has just placed themselves in leg lock territory. The Single-Leg X, also known as the Ashi Garami, requires you to straighten one of your legs through your opponent’s leg and wrap your leg around the leg on that side, ending with it resting on their hip. Continuing to bring your foot further in front of your opponent’s thigh (reaping), will force your opponent to turn away and expose the heel of that foot. Gable gripping around that exposed heel and twisting that leg inwards, towards the opponent, typically forces the opponent to tap out.
The more flexible you are in your legs, the more this submission makes sense to use. When trying to sweep your opponent to the non-overhooked side, again, your opponent likely will stretch their arm out to avoid being swept to their back. Grabbing that wrist, or even blocking your opponent’s arm with your forearm, will prevent your opponent from collapsing the space you have made while attempting to sweep them.
Flexibility is your friend in this next step. Using your leg on your overhooking side, quickly maneuver it around and up your opponent’s back, over their head, and under their neck. Finish this submission using both hands to pull your opponent’s head toward you, over your own shin. For added pressure, palm your own heel and push up, while using your other hand to grab the ball of your big toe and pull downwards.
Now that you’ve seen a few good submissions from butterfly guard, it’s time to put this knowledge to use. Next time you train Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, start off your sparring matches with an over-under clinch and see if you can set your opponent up for a submission by first trying to sweep them to one side. They are going to wonder why you just don’t want to start in a more safe position, say closed guard. Just tell them you’re doing some research and development on new Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques.